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Adhesives

An adhesive or glue is a compound that binds two items together, adhesive come as natural or synthetic forms. Depending on the job that needs to be done, there is an adhesive made especially for it.

Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA)

  • Also known as White Glue
  • A water soluble adhesive, which does not stain
  • Inexpensive, drys clear and is fast setting
  • Bonds paper, fabric, cardboard, cork, leather and wood
  • Non toxic and non flammable.

Woodworkers Glue

  • Also called Carpenter’s glue
  • Has a faster grab than PVA
  • Is usually off-white or yellow in colour
  • Used in applications where better water resistance, heat resistance and ease of sanding are desired.
  • Non toxic and non flammable.

Instant-Setting Glue

  • Also known as Super Glue
  • This glue creates a strong, instant bond
  • Will bond almost all non-porous materials such as ceramic, some plastics, rubber, metal or synthetics
  • Should be handled with extreme care and kept off of skin

Epoxy

  • One of the strongest adhesives known, epoxy is designed primarily for the bonding of non-porous surfaces
  • Most epoxies come in two parts, a resin and a hardener which must be mixed together before the adhesive is used
  • Once mixed, the material will set permanently after a specified length of time
  • Excellent for sealing gaps and will withstand vibration and shock
  • Can be used on pipes, radiators, wood, metal, ceramic tile, china, marble, glass and masonry
  • Since epoxy is toxic and flammable, use extreme caution when handling

Polyurethane Glue

  • Is a one-part adhesive offering the strength of an epoxy without mixing
  • Generally requires 4 to 24 hours to fully cure, but it does bond to most materials
  • Cures in the presence of moisture
  • Good for a bond between either similar or dissimilar surfaces
  • Waterproof, sandable, paintable and stainable.

Contact Cement

  • Can be used on many surfaces
  • Good to bond laminates to countertops and cabinets
  • Bonds immediately without clamping and resists water, temperature and fungi
  • Contact cement is most effective when one or both surfaces are porous or semi-porous

Resorcinol Glue

  • Comes in two parts, liquid resin and powdered catalyst
  • Used in wood joints, it cures under pressure in 10 hours at 70° F
  • Ideal for exterior structural applications because of its waterproof and weatherproof qualities

Silicone Rubber Adhesive

  • Ideal for strong, flexible joints on wood, dissimilar surfaces such as metal, rubber, glass, ceramics, brick, wood and polystyrene foam

Plastic Resin Glue

  • Is powdered urea formaldehyde glue
  • When mixed with water, it makes highly water-resistant bonds
  • Frequently used for furniture repair, it cures under pressure in 10 hours at 70° F
  • The finished glue is non-toxic and impervious to most materials

Construction Adhesive

  • Also known as Mastic, which is a general term for any thick adhesive
  • Used in heavy-duty bonding and construction, Mastics are usually applied with a caulking gun or trowel
  • Reduces the need for screws, nails and other fasteners
  • Flexible and waterproof qualities make them ideal for outdoor applications
  • Can be used to join flooring and sub-flooring, paneling, drywall and roofing, molding, tile, masonry and concrete, metal and wood

Top Tips

  1. With the exception of epoxy, too much adhesive will weaken the hold of the materials you are bonding
  2. Rough up smooth surfaces slightly before applying adhesives so they will grip more securely
  3. Apply a thin coat of glue, clamp securely, and allow to dry the recommended amount of time
  4. Wipe away excess glue immediately after clamping
  5. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully, and use in a well ventilated area
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